Building genuine and lasting partnerships between pastoralist CSOs and institutions is an ideal strategy for addressing the multifaceted challenges faced by pastoralists. This mandate necessitates investment in grassroots social movements that are deeply rooted as well as owned and driven by communities’. Moreover, strengthening collaboration between pastoralists and enhancing pastoralist institutions contributes to reducing inter agency conflicts, thus consolidating the efforts to define and address the persistent problems facing pastoral livelihoods and economies.  Building, nurturing and consolidating social movements in response to the multifaceted challenges facing pastoralists enables them to mobilize social cultural power into a powerful vehicle for influencing decision making processes and policies that affect their livelihoods.